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Cultural and Nature sights of UNESCO in Slovak regions:
B A N S K A B Y S T R I C A r e g i o n
Vlkolinec represents the type of Central Slovakian settlement with wooden architecture that is widespread in mountain and foothill regions in the northern part of Central Slovakia. There are more than 40 wooden houses from 15th to 19th century, which from the outside look exactly alike.
Banska Stiavnica is the old mining town, with numerous beautiful monuments. From 13th to the 18th centuries is the town most important mining centre with the deposit of precious metals. The extraction and processing of precious metals, especially gold and silver, goes back to the Bronze Age. Banska Stiavnica is also known for its Mining Academy founded in 1762 as the first institution of higher education of its kind in the world.
Slovensky kras (Slovak karst) was designated the protected area in 1977. It was included in the network of biosphere reservation. Four caves of Slovensky kras in the east of Slovakia (Domica, Gombasek, Silicka and Jasovska) and Ochtinska Aragonit cave have been inscribed in the List of UNESCO World Natural Heritage since 1995. You will find all three types of caves there: ice, stalactite and aragonite.
More info: www.ssj.sk
K O S I C E r e g i o n
DOBSINSKA ICE cave
Dobsinska ladova jaskyna (Ice cave) was discovered as early as 1870 and opened to the public in 1872. This cave was the first in Europe to be illuminated by electricity. There are 145 000 cubic metres of ice there, 7000 - 9000 years ago. This cave has been inscribed in the List of UNESCO World Natural Heritage since 2000.
More info: www.ssj.sk
P R E S O V r e g i o n
Bardejov is an attractive Gothic town from 14th century with the well preserved castle complex and the Gothic and Renaissance houses. St. Egidius Church from the 15th century and Town Hall from 1505-1511 are the national cultural monuments. Bardejov Spa near the town itself in a beautiful green setting and the houses representing architectural styles of 19th century. In the vicinity there is the Museum of Folk Architecture and many wooden churches from the 17th - 19th centuries in the surrounding villages.
The Spis Castle is the largest medieval castle in central Europe. It dates back to 1113 when it was built as a royal castle on an important trade route to the Baltic Sea. The second part of the historical settlement is Spisska Kapitula, founded as an independent religious community. The last but not least is the village of Zehra where the Gothic Church of Holy Spirit with a wonderful interior and Gothic paintings is situated.
Sites proposed for inclusion on the List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage:
The Tokay wine-growing area south-east Slovakia, an extension of the 2002 entry of the Hungarian part of this wine-growing region), areas of vineyards defined by law and the wine cellars in the villages of Mala Tŕna and Viničky, probably dug into the tufa rocks of volcanic origin in the 16th and 17th centuries
The wooden religious architecturein the Carpathian arc (north east Slovakia, as a joint Slovak-Polish-Ukrainian-Hungarian entry), unique churches from the 16th to 20th centuries.
The Chatam Sofer memorial one of the four most important Jewish historical sites of this kind in the world, the remains of an old Jewish cemetery with the graves of famous rabbis.
The churches with medieval frescoes in the Gemer and Abov regions (south-east Slovakia, as a Slovak-Hungarian entry), tiny village churches from the 14th and 15th centuries, which thanks to their well-preserved medieval frescoes are an excellent example of the influence of Italian trecento in the area beyond the Alps.
Limes Romanus (Rusovce, Iža - south-west Slovakia, as a Slovak-Austrian-Hungarian entry), archeological localities from the period of the Roman Empire, connected with the existence of the borders of the Roman Empire, representing a settlement and an advance military camp.
Anti-Turk fortress in Komarno (southern Slovakia, as a Slovak-Hungarian entry), the first fortress with bastions in inland Europe, an important fortification work with evidence of several stages of development and in size one of the largest fortresses in the world.
The concept of the convex-lens ground plan of the historical centre of Košice